Context and History

This site is our attempt to share information on the 0.75-acre tract, deeded for Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill in Washington Kentucky.  It is surrounded by the Federal Hill House property, which is owned by Elizabeth Wallingford Old Washington Preservation Incorporated, a 501 C (3) established for the historic preservation of Washington, KY. If you visit Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill. please be respctful of thje cemtery and house.

These pages contain our family’s history, as we understand it. Some of it came to us orally, as storeies we heard, while growing up as descendants of Col Thomas Marshall. You should understand it may not be accurate. We hope that you and others will review and advise ways to correct, extend, and clarify the life and times of our forebarers. Please send your suggestions, via email, to

First some background on the Marshalls and how we came to be in Kentucky.

Thomas Marshall fathered and his wife Mary Isham Keith gave birth to fifteen children who lived well into adulthood.

Thomas Marshall worked on surveying parties, with George Washington, for Lord Fairfax.  When the Revolutionary War broke out,  he was an early volunteer. At the end of the war, having had distinguished service,  he held the rank of Colonel when he returned to his home in Virginia.

At the war’s end, “service bonus” (promises made to Revolutionary War soldiers) came due. Each state had promised payment, and  Virginia faced  these facts:

  • The continental dollar had little to no gold or silver to back it.  In fact, the phrase “worthless as a continental dollar” was in active use.   So soldiers did not want to be paid with paper money.
  • Until the debt owed to the revolutionary soldiers was paid, the risk that they would become restive was a concern.  These men formed various revolutionary units who had just proven their ability to overthrow a central government.  If Virginia reneged on the promised payments, there was the risk they might  opt to break Virginia into cantons ruled by local warlords. The Whiskey Rebellion later confirmed that this fear was justified. Particularly before the ratification of the US Constitution strengthened the central government.
  • The Treaty of Paris signed in 1783 defined the western boundary of the United States of America as the continental divide along the Appalachian mountain range.

The solution adopted by Virginia was to pay off Virginia’s Revolutionary Soldiers with land grants of land west of the Appalachian mountain range. It had these advantages

  • No more paper money need be issued,
  • “Service bonus” obligations were settled with land that Britain, based on the Treaty of Paris, still claimed
  • Encouraging these Revolutionary veterans to move West,
    • Established these proven fighters as a defense on the western frontier
    • Removed their potential for rebellion in Eastern, more populous, settlements.
  •  Once settlements were established west of the Appalachian mountain range, there were few natural barriers to the West.  If viable western settlements could be established,  then they could form a jumping-off point, to claim the bounty of land even farther West.

This solution required the appointment of a surveyor general to transform the concept into reality.

Because of their work together surveying Lord Fairfax’s land in western Virginia, George Washington knew of Col. Thomas Marshall surveying and organizational ability.  Col. Thomas Marshall’s faithful service throughout the revolution was widely respected in Virginia.  These facts resulted in Col. Thomas Marshall being appointed surveyor general of the lands in Fayette County Kentucky in 1783.  To reduce the cash Virginia had to expend, Col. Thomas Marshall agreed to fulfill his duties as surveyor general in return for a portion of the tracts of land he was to survey.

Although this meant that Col. Thomas Marshall had to bear all the upfront expense of fulfilling the surveyor general duties, it also meant that he got the first choice of which tracts he would take as compensation.   I have never found written documentation of the percentage of the land surveyed, that was his compensation.  However, I have heard oral history that he received 50% of land surveyed.  While 50% seems high. Consider what the surveyor general duties included:

  • Organize records of what land was due to each Virginia Revolutionary War veteran, and then bring that information to Kentucky.
  • The task of coming from Eastern Virginia into the Kentucky wilderness was daunting when the only routes to and inside Kentucky were rivers and buffalo traces.
  • Managing the actual survey of this vast land entailed:
    • preparing legally binding documentation of each plot
    • leaving boundary markers that others could use to identify each grant, years later.
  • Organize the land grants with a mind to where roads, towns and villages could/should be located.  This would ensure Kentucky commerce would be self-supporting and settlers could profit by working their new land.
  • Get documentation back to Virginia so veterans could make plans on how to best benefit from their grant.
  • Handle issues such as
    • People already living on the land, without a grant from the British Crown or Virginia
    • Boundary markers being moved or misinterpreted
    • Veterans/speculators selling a land grant more than once
    • Speculators selling land grant they never owned
    • Identifying if a person claiming to be Sgt. John Doe really was the Sgt. John Doe due the land grant in question.
  • Assist new arrivals to find their land grants.

In 1783 Col. Thomas Marshall established his office in Lexington,. ( He came to Kentucky via the Ohio River  route.)

By 1785 he was able to bring his family to Kentucky.    Col. Thomas Marshall’s first Kentucky home was at Buck Pond near Versailles, then part of Fayette County, which had not yet been split into multiple counties.

We can look at how Col. Marshall ended up being buried at  Federal Hill by looking at where his sons settled.

John James Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835), their eldest son, never moved to Kentucky but instead, stayed in Virginia. Among other accomplishments, he served as the fourth Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835. Marshall remains the longest-serving chief justice and fourth-longest serving justice in Supreme Court history, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential justices to ever sit on the Supreme Court.  Prior to joining the Supreme Court, Marshall served as the United States Secretary of State under President John Adams

Col. Marshall’s second eldest son, Capt. Thomas Marshall, Jr, came to Washington in approximately 1793, and lived in a log house on Clark’s Run. By 1800 Col Thomas Marshall funded establishing  Federal Hill as Capt. Thomas Marshall’s home, and the family seat of Northern KY.  In addition to the brick home, a smaller brick building, which served as the Mason County Clerk Office, was built.   (The bricks in these buildings were brought in, via Ohio River, from Virginia.)  Our family’s cemetery at Federal Hill was established at this time.  Capt. Thomas Marshall, Jr. and his wife had seven children.

Col. Thomas Marshall and wife, upon retirement,  opted to leave Central Kentucky and return to Federal Hill.  Upon death, each was buried in the Federal Hill cemetery. Likewise, Capt. Thomas Marshall, Jr. and his wife are buried in our cemetery.  Since then, descendants of Col. Thomas Marshall, Jr. and their spouses, have had the opportunity to be buried in the Marshall Cemetery at  Federal  Hill.

Please checkout the Cemetery Map. Clicking on a name leads to info, that we hope will allow you to better appreciate the life and times each person buried here.  Many of the entries reference The Marshall Family, by William McClung Paxton, Baltimore MD.   In those cases we have copied the content directly from the “The Marshall Family”, the first-person voice in these entries is that of W C Paxton. These type of entries start with this information:  “Extracts on Col Thomas Marshall from Entry #16 in Paxton’s Marshall Family  (written circa. 1885)”. The entry# is the index number used by Paxton. The reference to 1885 is to remind the reader that this source work was completed in 1885. Thus for many of those in the cemetery, much has happened that we will document from other sources.

Slavery was common in KY before the emancipation proclamation. Sadly the Marshalls did in fact own slaves.  A 2017 book published by the Kentucky Historical Society called “A History of Blacks in Kentucky: From Slavery to Segregation, 1760-1891,” covers some of these topics over the same time period but without specific mention of Col. Thomas Marshall or his descendants.

The   perpetual care  of our  cemetery is managed by Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill Incorporated registered as a 501(c)(13) in the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Cemetery Map

Map created by Mary Frances Marshall in 1982 as a Christmas gift to her father in law Charles Alexander Marshall Jr

Names listed in order of internment into cemetery. Where individuals share a monument or marker, the oldest date of internment determines placement on this list. The numbers on the plat are placed on the side from which the inscription can be read. In great part, we only transcribed here what was legible in fall of 1982, when we did our ordinal work. However, we made an exception on several of the earlies graves taking information from The Marshall Family, by William McClung Paxton, Baltimore MD. Any information from that book will simply say “Paxton”, followed by a page number, Paxton’s work was considered very reliable by family members we talked to in late 1970’s. We have also tried to only document dates, punctuation, spelling, etc. as it appears on graves.

Mary Frances Peddie Marshall & Charles William Marshall, September, 2015

  1. …..all…..son of…..1799…..1800 (Almost illegible. Only this part of the inscription was visible after a rain)
  2. …..Marshall……son of…..1801 (Almost illegible. Only this part of the inscription was visible after a rain)
  3. Col. Thomas Marshall Oct 1730-1802 (Information taken from D.A.R. marker at base of tomb)
  4. Mary Randolph Keith Marshall 1737-1809 (“Paxton”, page 10)
  5. Captain Thomas Marshall Jr. Cct. 26, 1761 – March 19,1817 (Hard to read. “Paxton”, page 50)
  6. James A Paxton Sept 13, 1788 Oct 26, 1825 (Slab is badly deteriorated and only then “Paxton” was visible after a rain. (“Paxton”,Page 150)
  7. MARY F.E.PAXTON DEC. 18, 1825 – APRIL 18,1829 “Of such is the Kingdom of God”
  8. Frances Marshall 1772 – Nov 19,1833 Erected in Memory of Mrs Frances Marshall who died in the 61 Year of her life. Nov 18,1833. During the vicissitudes of a long life checkered, as is the lot of humanity, with much happiness and more of sorrow, the character of the deceased remaining the same. An affection wife, a fond mother,an humble but ardent Christian, a warm-hearted and devoted friend, she will long be remembered in the extensive circle of friends and relative who for many years met at her hospitable board, and to whom her house was a home. In bosom of that numerous connection who had known her worth and shared her affection, she expired calmly, happy in the hope of a joyful resurrection, (This fantastic inscription was completely legible in 1982)
  9. Marshall
    1. John Marshall 1795 – 1859
    2. Lucy, his wife 1796 – 1835
    3. Frances M Chambers 1819 – 1840
    4. John Marshall Jr. 1830 – 1896
    5. Mary M Marshall 1827 – 1898
  10. E.W.C. (Is this Eliza. Warfield Coleman? 1827 – 1835 See #14 on this list. According to “Paxton” p. 130, Her family did not leave Mason County for Mississippi until 1840)
  11. Erected by Charles and Phoebe A Marshall in memory of Their children
    1. Susan Keith born Dec 22, 1843 died Dec 8, 1849
    2. Sallie Pendleton, born May 12, died Sept 5, 1854
    3. Charles, born Sept 20 1855, died Sept 5 1859
  12. Gen, Thomas Marshall, born April 13, 1799, died March 28, 1853, son of Thomas and F Marshall
  13. Frances Jane, daughter of L. & F. J. Maltby Born Oct 1852, died Nov 30 1853
  14. Lucy Ambler, daughter of Thomas & Frances Marshall and wife of N.D. Coleman, born Dec 20, 1801 died July 3, 1858. Eliza. Warfield Coleman, daughter of N.D.& L.A. Coleman, born Aug 22, 1827, died Feb 15, 1835 (see #10 on this list)
  15. Children of R.M. & E.F.Marshall
    1. Eliza. March 11, 1857 – July 15 1858
    2. Thomas K. Aug 27,1871 – Feb 29, 1876
    3. William F, July 6,1861 – April 20, 1873
  16. Maria M. Oct 18, 1836 – Dec 24, 1862
  17. Gilbert Adams, born March 29, 1798 died Jan 20, 1872
  18. a Elizabeth C Marshall, daughter of Thomas & Frances M, Marshall, born Washington, Ky March 17,1801, died July 19, 1874
  19. b Martin P. Marshall, son of Charles & Lucy P Marshall, daughter of Charles & Lucy P Marshall, born Warrenton Va. Feb 10,1798, died June 8, 1883. “The Peace of God that passeth all understanding”
  20. Mary Keith, daughter of Thomas & Frances Marshall and widow of Judge John Green , born Jan 13 ‘ 1797 died April 1 , 1887
  21. J. P. Marshall 1849 – 1945
    Hester Morris, his wife 1852 – 1908
    Richard, their son 1884 – 1893
  22. Charles A. Marshall, Col. of the 16th. KY. Vol. Inf. May 2, 1809 – Feb. 12, 1896
    his wife Phoebe A. Feb. 2, 1817 – April 3, 1901
    “Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord”
  23. Robert A. Marshall Feb. 5, 1832 – Dec. 21, 1911
    Elizabeth F., his wife Feb. 2, 1834 – April 10, 1901
  24. Eliza. C. Marshall, wife of Rev. Maurice Waller, D.D. 1841-1903
    “My grace is sufficient for thee”
  25. Sarah Bell, daug of Maurice & Eliza. C. Waller, Dec. 29, 1878 – May 3, 1904
  26. Mary Wills, daughter of Martin P. & Eliza C. Marshall, July 22, 1829 – Sept. 21, 1908
    “Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord for their works do follow them”
  27. Dr. Louis Marshall, 1873 – 1910 and Pearl, his wife, 1877 – 1925
  28. James Marshall, 1835 -1913
  29. Susan M. Massie, 1838 -1915 “Charity never faileth”
  30. Phoebe Marshall, 1840 -1915, daughter of Martin P. & Eliza Marshall
    “I have finished the work which thou givest me to do”
  31. Fannie Marshall, 1831 -1926
  32. Susan A. Marshall, 1842 -1927
  33. Marshall, Ben H. 1861 -1937, Orra Moore 1874-1930 (Note: Orra’s maiden name was “Calvert”)
  34. Elizabeth Marshall Wood, wife of Edward Davis, 1888 -1939
  35. Sallie Marshall Wilkes, daughter of Col. Charles & Phoebe Marshall 1858 -1950
    “My faith looks up to Thee”
  36. Charles A. Marshall 1894 -1950, Ruth E. 1906 -1997
    (Between #36 and #42 there is a marker with the following inscription “In memory of Julia Webb Marshall, August 5, 1897 – August 30, 1925, wife of Charles A. Marshall, Sr. and mother of Charles A. Marshall, Jr. and James Paxton Marshall. Buried in Lexington Cemetery, )
  37. Thomas C. Marshall, 1904 -1953
  38. Fryman, Elizabeth Louis Marshall, May 21, 1911 -Mar. 15, 1975
    Virgil Thomas 1906 -1990
  39. John E. Marshall, Nov. 18, 1954 -Oct. 31, 1977
  40. Marshall, Polly D. 1907 -1989, Ben H. 1906 -1987
  41. Marshall Baird Wood Mar. 11, 1898 -Apr. 12, 1988
    Dorothy Hankins Wood Oct. 26, 1902 -Apr. 4, 1994
    “Together we saw the forest nor missed it for the trees”
  42. Marshall: Charles A. 1918 -1998,
    Nell Click 1919 -2014
  43. Emily Monley Ellis, neé Emily Paxton Marshall, June 25, 1910 – Dec. 1, 2000
  44. James Paxton Marshall, July 31, 1922 -June 16, 2000
    Shirley Moser Marshall, May 19, 1924 – Dec 19, 2020
  45. Virgil Thomas Fryman Jr April 9, 1940 -July 10, 2014

Information Resources

Deed for Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill is recorded in Mason County Clerk’s Office Book 112 Page 156 Dated Feb 8 1885

PDF of locator map for Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill, Washington KY 41056

PDF of The Marshall Family by William McClung Paxton, Baltimore MD

PDF of Paxton Wheel 

PDF of legend to Paxton Wheel

Remembrances of growing up near Washington KY written 1930s  

A Historical Sketch of Mason County

Map showing date KY counties were formed.  Note that Mason was formed out of Bourbon which had been formed from Fayette, All during the period the Survey General’s work was ongoing. This raised the need for a County Clerk’s office in Washington (the county seat of Mason) when it was formed.

“Western Adventure” by McClung (published 1839)- starting on page 174 describes one of Col Thomas Marshall’s  flat boat trips on Ohio River to reach Kentucky

History of Kentucky – Lewis Collins Volume 1 (Revised  in 1874)

History of Kentucky – Lewis Collins Volume 2 (Revised  in 1874)

Drone Video of Federal Hill Cemetery Fall 2017

Financial Support

These financial contributions allow continued care of the Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill, which in turn reminds us of the Marshall family’s life and times from 1800 into the future.

Shirley Moser MarshallSept 2019$1,000
James P. Marshall, IIISept 2020 $500
Dorothy Wood LettsOct 2020$1,000
K Marshall MonleyDec 2020$1,000
Mary Frances & Charles W MarshallDec 2020$5,000
Melissa Massie Shaw Bloch &
Lewis Stephen Bloch
Apr 2021$2,000
Marcia Marshall RinekJul 2021 $250
Mary Frances & Charles W MarshallSept 2021$3,025
Shirley Moser Marshall RVOC TrustOct 2021$5,000
Melanie Hood RankinOct 2021 $200
James P. Marshall, IIIDec 20222$1,000

These contributions not only assure our ability to mow the cemetery but also let us gauge our ability to:

  • place metal plaques on small concrete pedestals by each of the older, flat top, monuments.
  • Doing maintenance on the iron perimeter fence 
  • plantings, tree care and maintenance
  • ???

Future “occupants” of the cemetery must have a direct connection back to Col. Thomas Marshall (builder of the house at Federal Hill), or be directly connected to such a person (spouse, parent, significant other, etc.). Please let us know if you or those directly connected to you, are considering internment in the Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill, so we can ensure appropriate space.

As we each have less ability to personally do cemetery work, (mow, paint, etc.), cash donations have become more critical. Our tax-free status requires we do not charge for gravesites, nor accept gifts designated for specific graves. Rather contributions must be made to the general fund of Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill Inc. Allowing its board to apply general funds appropriately.

We hope you will also make a federal tax deduct-able, contribution. If so please mail checks to:

 Marshall Cemetery at Federal Hill Inc.
c/o Bill Marshall 
6083 Key Pike 
Maysville, KY 41056-8631

IRS Publication 1771 – Charitable Contributions
Substantiation and Disclosure Requirements